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A look back at some of the events of 1905

     Franklin Roosevelt marries Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, his 6th cousin, on March 17. President Theodore Roosevelt comes to New York City to give the bride away.

     The first Yellow Pages were invented.

     The Jukebox is invented with 24 songs.

     The first “portable” electric vacuum was invented by Chapman and Skinner in San Francisco and weighed more than 90 pounds.

     The card game Flinch, played with a custom deck, is invented.

     The Popsicle is invented by 11-year-old Frank Epperson, who had left a fruit-flavored soda outside with a stir stick in it. The drink froze to the stick and tasted good.

     The mechanical windshield wiper was invented by Mary Anderson who was issued a patent in 1905.

     The fly swatter as we know it today was invented by a schoolteacher named Frank H. Rose. He was inspired to do so by Kansas State Board of Health member Dr. Samuel J. Crumbine, who was at the time on a campaign to rid Kansas of flies. Rose called his invention, made of wire screening attached to a yardstick, a fly bat. It was renamed a fly swatter by Dr. Crumbine.

     Revolution breaks out in Russia after Bloody Sunday.

     Albert Einstein suggests abandoning the idea of absolute time.

     Buses are invented. The early buses in the U.S. were in New York and were very uncomfortable.

     The first exhaust-driven turbocharger was invented by Dr. Alfred J. Buchi, a Swiss engineer.

     Best sellers in 1905 were: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s The Return of Sherlock Holmes and Baroness Emmusca Orczy’s (Hungarian-born English novelist) The Scarlet Pimpernel.

     Intelligence tests are invented by French scientist Alfred Binet.

     A 1,250 sq. ft. plot on Wall Street, New York City, was sold for $700,000.

     Published in 1905: Edith Wharton’s The House of Mirth, E. M. Forster’s Where Angels Fear to Tread, and George Santayana’s The Life of Reason.

     Picasso began his Pink Period in Paris.

     Lehar wrote The Merry Widow.

     Debussy wrote La Mer.

     The traverse rod was invented to draw back the drapes and let in the outside.

     Although The Jazz Singer movie is usually credited as being the first talking picture, the truth is the first movie with an actual soundtrack was invented in 1905, 20 years before The Jazz Singer premiered. This cinematic treasure, whose title has been lost to the ages, was directed by Steven Stereoski, who also invented the sound system that bears his name.

     .45 ACP is first invented. Many world experts swear by this caliber.  After all, it helped America stay a free country by being the sidearm of choice of the American Armed Forces for many wars in which we were involved.

      Popular songs included Sweet Adeline, In My Merry Oldsmobile, Meet Me in St. Louis, Louis, and Bill Bailey, Won’t You Please Come Home.

     The player piano was invented.

     Bob Burns coined the word ‘bazooka’ for the homemade musical instrument he invented from two gas pipes and a whiskey funnel. The weapon of the same name was named after Burns’ device during World War II.

     Chero-Cola was invented by chemist Claud Hatcher of Columbus, Ga. The drink later became known as RC Cola.

     Rotary dial phones are invented.

     The foundation of Rotary International.

     Albert Einstein publishes four papers. In particular, he formulates the theory of special relativity and explains the photoelectric effect by quantization. 1905 is regarded as his “miracle year”.

     Las Vegas, Nev. is founded when 110 acres, in what later would become downtown, are auctioned off. 

    Bomb kills Frank Steunenberg, ex-governor of Idaho. The case leads to a trial against leaders of the Western Federation of Miners.

     Albert Einhorn introduces novocaine.

     Among those born in 1905 are Tex Ritter, actor and singer; John O’Hara, writer; Benny Friedman, football player; Joan Crawford, actress; Henry Fonda, actor; Edward Bernds, director; Doc Cramer, baseball player; Howard Hughes, filmmaker, industrialist, aircraft designer, and airline founder.     The New York Giants defeated the Philadelphia Athletics four games to one in the World Series.

     Sports debutes include Hal Chase, Ty Cobb, and Eddie Cicotte.

     The college football season is blighted by 15 fatal injuries, as a result of which U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt calls upon the game’s authorities to reform it.



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